Tempo, beats, definitions
Tempo refers to the speed at which a piece of music will be played. Tempo means time in Italian.
Beat is a regular pulse which can be dictated by a metronome.
Tempo is measured with the notion of beats per minute (BMP). A fast tempo will have a high BMP number, and a low tempo will have a low BPM number.
Examples of tempo indications
Tempi (plural of tempo) can be indicated with words:
or with beat duration:
or with beats per minute (BMP) indication:
Use of tempo marks is most commonly in Italian:
|Larghissimo||very, very slow||24|
|Adagietto||slower than andante||72–76|
|Andante||at a walking pace||76–108|
|Andantino||faster than Andante||80–108|
|Andante moderato||between andante and moderato||92–112|
|Allegro moderato||slower thant Allegro||116–120|
|Vivace||lively and fast||168–176|
|Allegro vivace||very fast||172–176|
|Presto||very, very fast||168–200|
|Prestissimo||faster than Presto||200|
Tempo change indications:
|Ritenuto||immediately slowing down|
|Stringendo||gradually speeding up|
|Accelerando||gradually speeding up|
|Più mosso||immediately faster|
|Meno mosso||immediately slower|
|A tempo||returning to a previous tempo|
|Tempo primo||returning to tempo at beginning|
|L'istesso tempo||the same tempo (when the meter changes)|
|Rubato||free adjustment of tempo for expressive purposes|
Using a metronome is the best way to keep the tempo till stable, nothing can disturb it.
Each musician must have a metronome, it is the only tool to help you to keep the tempo stable.