Clef is a french word which means Key. Clef is the first element you will see on the staff (stave ), clefs are symbols which indicate the names of the music notes.
Clefs indicate the names of the music notes on the staff (stave )
Different clefs indicate the names of the music notes on the staff (stave ), because a music note on the first line of the staff (stave ) is not always the E note, we will see it later.
There is three kinds of clef:
- The treble clef (G-clef)
One kind of G-clef
Two kinds of F-clefs
Four kinds of C-clefs
Most common clefs are the treble clef (G-clef) and the Bass clef (one of the two kind of F-clefs)
|Treble clef (G-clef)||F-clefs||C-clefs|
Treble clef (G-clef)
Read the article about Treble clef (G-clef)
Read the article about F-clefs
Read the article about C-clefs
Which clefs for which instruments?
In mostcases, instruments use only one clef, but when sounds become too low or too high, others clefs can be used.
For the piano, the harp and other polyphonic instruments, two clefs are used (Treble clef and bass clef, most cases)
Instruments in treble clef (G-clef)
The treble clef is principally used by:
- Piano, harp, harpsichord, organ, accordion (right hand)
- Oboe, flute, clarinet
- Horn, trumpet, euphonium, saxhorn
Instruments in Bass clef
The bass clef (F-clef on the fourth line of the staff / stave ) is principally used by:
- Piano, harp, harpsichord, organ, accordion (right hand and foot for the organ)
- Bassoon and fagot
- Trombone, tuba, euphonium, saxhorn
- Cello, double bass
Instruments in Alto clef
The Alto clef (C-clef on the third line of the staff / stave ) are principally used by:
Others articles from this category:
Treble clef (G-clef)
Article about the treble clef (G-clef). Description and usage of the treble clef and how to draw it. All you want to know about the treble clef.
Article about the F clefs. Description and usage of the F-clefs and how to draw them: Learn how to use the bass clef and the baritone clef
Article about the C clefs. Description and usage of the C-clefs and how to draw them: Learn how to use the soprano, mezzo-soprano, tenor and the alto clef.
Relation between clefs
Learn the relation between all the clefs and know why. The most important relation is the relation between treble clef and bass clef.
Article about Octaves clefs. Octave clefs are used to write music notes that will sound an octave lower or an octave higher. Learn how to use them.