Note names

The first seven letters of the alphabet are used to name the music notes:

A B C D E F G

Music notes positions on a piano keyboard

Music notes are placed like this on a piano keyboard:

notes names on a piano keyboard

And on a three octaves piano keyboard:

notes names on a piano keyboard

You will learn all about the staff united states of america (stave united kingdom), and all about the Clefs but for the moment you have to know this:

The Treble clef indicates the position of the G music note.

G note position on treble clef

So all other music notes will be placed like this:

Notes positions in treble clef

Funny tricks to recognize music note positions with a treble clef

In treble clef, the music notes on lines are E G B D F and you can remember them with the phrase Every Good Boy Does Fine

Every Good Boy Does Fine

In treble clef, the music notes in space are F A C E and you can remember them with the word FACE

FACE

Funny tricks to recognize music note positions with a bass clef

In bass clef, the music notes on lines are G B D F A and you can remember them with the phrase Good Boys Do Fine Always

Good Boys Do Fine Always

In bass clef, the music notes in space are A C G E and you can remember them with the phrase All Cars Eat Gas

All Cars Eat Gas

Note names with other clefs

There is not only the treble clef and the bass clef, there is also four others C-clefs and another F-clef, I'll show you the position of each note in these different clefs.

The order of the note names is always the same, but the position of the notes changes depending on the clef:

Position of notes with the soprano clef :
note names with soprano clef

Position of notes with the mezzo-soprano clef :
note names with mezzo soprano clef

Position of notes with the alto clef :
note names with alto clef

Position of notes with the tenor clef :
note names with tenor clef

Position of notes with the baritone clef :
note names with baritone clef

Accidentals and note names

Accidentals can be added after the name of the note, and there are three kinds of accidentals : the sharp (♯), the flat (♭) and the natural sign (♮). With letters, the accidentals are always after the name of the note but on the staff united states of america (stave united kingdom) the accidentals are always before the note:

Accidentals and note names

In the example above, for C sharp (C♯), the sharp symbol is written before the note.
For C flat (C♭), the flat symbol is written before the note.
For C natural (C♮), the natural symbol is written before the note.

Notes names in other languages and countries

EnglishCDEFGAB
GermanCDEFGAH
Neo-Latin
France
Italy
Spain
DoMiFaSolLaSi

Note those differences between English and German notation:

B note in English is H in German
B♭ note in English is B in German

differences between English and German music notes notation

Neo-Latin music notes notation comes from Hymnus in Ioannem also named Ut queant laxis, a Latin hymn:


Ut queant laxis
Resonare fibris
Mira gestorum
Famuli tuorum
Solve polluti
Labii reatum
Sancte Iohannes

Ut was replaced by Do for pronunciation reasons.

Ut Queant Laxis

Music sight-reading exercises in treble or bass clef

Octave Naming and Pitch Notation

To differentiate a low C note from a high C note, different notations are used.

Scientific pitch notation


The Scientific Pitch Notation (SPN) is also known as American Standard Pitch Notation (ASPN). Numbers are added to the note names to identify the pitch's octave.

Here is the Scientific pitch notation:

Scientific pitch notation

Helmholtz pitch notation


The Helmholtz Pitch Notation is another notation to identify the pitch's octave, and prime symbol ( ′ ), double prime symbol ( ″ ), triple prime symbol ( ‴ ), are added to the note names to identify the pitch's octave.

Here is the Helmholtz pitch notation:

Helmholtz pitch notation

English pitch notation


The English Pitch Notation is another notation that repeat note's letters to identify the pitch's octave.

Here is the English pitch notation:

English pitch notation

French pitch notation


The French Pitch Notation is another notation that use numbers to identify the pitch's octave.

Here is the French pitch notation:

French pitch notation

Comparative of pitch notations

Here is a comparative of pitch notations:

Comparative of pitch notations

Other articles

Every Good Boy Does Fine

Every Good Boy Does Fine

The mnemonic Good Boys Do Fine Always can help you to you memorize the following series of music notes : G B D F A


External links to learn more about :

1 - https://www.dolmetsch.com/musictheory1.htm
2 - https://musicterms.artopium.com/n/Note.htm
3 - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Musical_note


Find all my music theory games by clicking this link music theory games
music theory games

Comments
Mark wrote on 11-06-2020 :

Dear Sir,

I found your website and maybe you can help me with chords.
As you can see at Attachment I marked in red chords that I do not know
how to build.
I looked through different sources but did find any information.
Please show how looks these chords.
Also,if you have a link to read theory about them.
Waiting for your response via my e-mail: usmark@hotmail.com
Best regards,
Mark.


1 anwser(s) :
https://www.dacapoalcoda.com answered on 16-06-2020 :

Hello

Strange...I've no idea what D1 and D2 means...sorry. But if you've founded the answer, don't hesitate to tell us .


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