Music theory > Pitch of sounds > Accidentals > Flats order

Flats order

The order of flats is:

B♭ E♭ A♭ D♭ G♭ C♭ F♭

But you can remain only:

B E A D G C F

flats order

How to memorize the order of flats

The trick is to memorize the word BEAD plus three letters GCF.

Another trick to memorize the orders of flats: Battle Ends And Down Goes Charles Father

Why to learn by rote the order of flats?

With the order of flats always in mind you will be able to do:

- Knowing all Altered notes in your music score (notes with accidentals, flats in this case)
- Finding the name of the key signature.

Knowing all Altered notes

Imagine you have 4 flats in the key:

flats order, example 1

With the order of flats in mind, you immediately know the altered notes you will find in the score: B♭ E♭ A♭ D♭ G♭ C♭ F♭ and you will know that the previous score below is just like this:

flats order, example 2

Finding the name of the key signature

With the flats order, you can find the name of the key signature:

Imagine you have this (4 flats in the key)

flats order, example 1

With the order of flats, you have this: B♭ E♭ A♭ D♭

You find the second to last flat in this sequence: B♭ E♭ A♭ D♭, here it is A♭, so you know that the name of the key signature is A♭ Major.


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