Major seventh

In music theory, a major seventh is an interval that has eleven half steps united states of america (semitones united kingdom).

The major seventh requires that:

  • The interval must be a seventh interval (seven note names between the first and the last).
  • The interval must have eleven half steps.

What does a major seventh look like?

Here is an example of a melodic major seventh (two music notes in a melody) and a harmonic major seventh (in a chord):

Major seventh

How to recognize a major seventh?

Rule of music theory: All intervals in a major scale starting with the tonic (degree I) are either major or perfect, and only unison, octave, fourth and fifth are perfect (the others are major).

Example with the interval G / F♯:

Let's take the G major scale to have G as the tonic:

G major scale

From the rule stated above, it becomes clear that G / F♯ is a major seventh.

Inversion of the major seventh

The inversion of the major seventh is the minor second.

Here is an example of a minor second:

Minor second

Musical examples of major seventh

Baba Yaga from Pictures at an Exhibition by Mussorgsky

In the introduction of The Hut on Hen's Legs (Baba Yaga) from Pictures at an Exhibition by Mussorgsky, there are major sevenths:

Interval identification game

You will find this interval in my Intervals identification game:

Find all my music theory games by clicking this link music theory games
music theory games


Write a comment

Your comment comment will be manually validate.

Your name/pseudo (needed) :

Email (optional) (needed if you want to be inform of a reply):

Image/photo (optional) (JPG, JPEG, PNG ou GIF) (image concerning your comment):

Javascript should be activated