# Minor second

In music theory, a minor second is an interval that has only one half steps (semitones). Explanations and excerpts from famous works

In music theory, a minor second is an interval that has only one half steps (semitones ).

The minor second requires that:

• The interval must be a second interval (two note names between the first and the last).
• The interval must have only one half steps.

## What does a minor second look like?

Here is an example of a melodic minor second (two music notes in a melody) and a harmonic minor second (in a chord):

## How to recognize a minor second?

Rule of music theory: All intervals in a major scale starting with the tonic (degree I) are either major or perfect, and only unison, octave, fourth and fifth are perfect (the others are major).

Example with the interval G / A♭:

Let's take the G major scale to have G as the tonic:

From the rule stated above, the interval G / A is a major second, so the interval G / A♭ is a minor second.

## Inversion of the minor second

The inversion of the minor second is the major seventh.

Here is an example of a major seventh:

## Musical examples of minor second

### Main Title from "Jaws" Soundtrack by John Williams

One of the most famous examples of the use of minor seconds is the music by John Williams for the film Jaws:

### Dvorak Symphony No.9, fourth movement

The above example of Jaws soundtrack is reminiscent of the beginning of the fourth movement of Dvorak's Symphony No.9:

### Beethoven, Für Elise

Bagatelle No.25 in A minor for solo piano By Beethoven, known as "Für Elise", also has many minor seconds:

## Interval identification game

You will find this interval in my Intervals identification game:

Find all my music theory games by clicking this link music theory games

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