C Major scale

The key signature of C Major scale has no accidentals (no flat and no sharp).

C major scale is in a way the reference for the construction of all the other major scales.

C major scale as well as all the other major ranges consist of the following succession of intervals:

for united states of america : W / W / H / W / W / W / H
for united kingdom : T / T / S / T / T / T / S

W = 1 whole step
H = half step
T = tone
S = semitone

Like this:

Tones and semitones in the C Major scale

This sequence of whole steps and half steps united states of america (tones and semitones united kingdom) will be used for all the other major scales.

The names of the music notes in the C major scale are: C D E F G A B

C major scale

Key signature of C major scale

The key signature of C Major has no accidental.

key signature empty

C Major scale in most common clefs


Here is C major scale in most common clefs: treble clef, bass clef, tenor clef and alto clef.

C Major scale in treble clef (G-clef)

Below is the C major scale in treble clef:

C Major scale in treble clef (G-clef)

C Major scale in bass clef

Below is the C major scale in bass clef:

C Major scale in bass clef

C Major scale in alto clef

Below is the C major scale in alto clef:

C Major scale in alto clef

C Major scale in tenor clef

Below is the C major scale in tenor clef:

C Major scale in tenor clef

Scale degrees of C major

The degrees of C major scale are:

C : degree I (Tonic)
D : degree II (Supertonic)
E : degree III (Mediant)
F : degree IV (Subdominant)
G : degree V (Dominant)
A : degree VI (Submediant)
B : degree VII (Leading Tone)

Closely related keys of C major

Closely related keys of C major are:

- F Major
- G Major
- D minor
- A minor
- E minor

Relative minor key of C Major

The relative minor key of C Major is A minor and below if the A minor natural scale:

A natural minor scale

Parallel Key of C Major

Parallel Key of C Major (or homonymous key) is C minor, here is the C harmonic minor scale :

C harmonic minor scale

Leading Tone of C Major

The leading Tone of C Major is B, because B is the degree VII and is distant to a seventh major of the tonic, or an half step united states of america (semitone united kingdom) lower than the tonic).

Chords of C major scale

Here are triad chords for C Major scale:

Chord I : C Major (Notes: C E G)
Chord II : D minor (Notes: D F A)
Chord III : E minor (Notes: E G B)
Chord IV : F Major (Notes: F A C)
Chord V : G Major (Notes: G B D)
Chord VI : A minor (Notes: A C E)
Chord VII : B diminished (Notes:B D F)

C major scale on a piano

Below is the C major scale on a piano:

C major scale on a piano

You will notice that only the white piano keys are used. Music notes must be played successively from left to right to obtain the ascending scale, or from right to left for the descending scale.

C major triad chord

The C major triad chord as a root note (C), a major third (C / E) and a perfect fifth (C / G):

C major perfect chord triad

And below is the C major triad chord on a piano keyboard:

C major triad chord on a piano

Authentic cadence (perfect cadence) in C major

Here is an Authentic cadence united states of america (perfect cadence united kingdom) in C major :

Authentic cadence (perfect cadence) in C major

C major scale video

The C major scale video:

C major on the circle of fifths

You can find C major on the circle of fifths and its key signature, relative minor key and closely related keys :
circle of fifths

Famous works C major

Here are some works by famous composers composed in C major:

Symphony No. 41 (Jupiter) by Mozart

Here is an excerpt from the Trio of the Menuetto of Symphony No. 41 in C major KV. 551 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756 - 1791). This symphony is nicknamed Jupiter.

Symphony n°41, movement III, trio, by W.A. Mozart

Notice also the authentic cadence united states of america (perfect cadence united kingdom) V -> I at the end of this extract.

Le Bolero's Ravel

Le Boléro by Maurice Ravel (1875 - 1937) almost exclusively uses the of C major key, there is an abrupt modulation in E major only at the very end of the work.

Boléro by Maurice Ravel

The ostinato rhythm played by one or more snare drums players remains constant throughout the all piece.

test your knowledge

How much flats in C flat major?

  • 1♭
  • 2♭
  • none
  • 3♭

What is the relative minor of C major?

  • F minor
  • G minor
  • C minor
  • A minor

What is the dominant note in C major?

  • E
  • F
  • G
  • C

What are the major chords of C major?

  • degrees I II and III
  • degrees IV V and VI
  • degrees I IV and V

What are the minor chords of C major?

  • degrees I II and III
  • degrees II III and VI
  • degrees I V and V

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Comments
Marcus wrote on 09-08-2020 :

Thanks a lot for this site
I want to know what the tenor,Alto will be if my melody is based on these note
C, c, c, e ,g, f, e ,d, e, f, e, d, c, played in 4/4 time


1 anwser(s) :
https://www.dacapoalcoda.com answered on 20-08-2020 :

Hi !

I think you had to read Transpose C to Bb if you want to play a melody written with real sounds (in C) on you saxophone tenor (in B♭)

Bests regards


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