C Major scale
The key signature of C Major scale has no accidentals (no flat and no sharp).
C major scale is in a way the reference for the construction of all the other major scales.
C major scale as well as all the other major ranges consist of the following succession of intervals:
for : W / W / H / W / W / W / H
for : T / T / S / T / T / T / S
W = 1 whole step
H = half step
T = tone
S = semitone
This sequence of whole steps and half steps (tones and semitones ) will be used for all the other major scales.
The names of the music notes in the C major scale are: C D E F G A B
Key signature of C major scale
The key signature of C Major has no accidental.
C Major scale in most common clefs
C Major scale in treble clef (G-clef)
Below is the C major scale in treble clef:
C Major scale in bass clef
Below is the C major scale in bass clef:
C Major scale in alto clef
Below is the C major scale in alto clef:
C Major scale in tenor clef
Below is the C major scale in tenor clef:
Scale degrees of C major
The degrees of C major scale are:
C : degree I (Tonic)
D : degree II (Supertonic)
E : degree III (Mediant)
F : degree IV (Subdominant)
G : degree V (Dominant)
A : degree VI (Submediant)
B : degree VII (Leading Tone)
Closely related keys of C major
Relative minor key of C Major
The relative minor key of C Major is A minor and below if the A minor natural scale:
Parallel Key of C Major
Leading Tone of C Major
The leading Tone of C Major is B, because B is the degree VII and is distant to a seventh major of the tonic, or an half step (semitone ) lower than the tonic).
Chords of C major scale
Here are triad chords for C Major scale:
Chord I : C Major (Notes: C E G)
Chord II : D minor (Notes: D F A)
Chord III : E minor (Notes: E G B)
Chord IV : F Major (Notes: F A C)
Chord V : G Major (Notes: G B D)
Chord VI : A minor (Notes: A C E)
Chord VII : B diminished (Notes:B D F)
C major scale on a piano
Below is the C major scale on a piano:
You will notice that only the white piano keys are used. Music notes must be played successively from left to right to obtain the ascending scale, or from right to left for the descending scale.
C major triad chord
The C major triad chord as a root note (C), a major third (C / E) and a perfect fifth (C / G):
And below is the C major triad chord on a piano keyboard:
Authentic cadence (perfect cadence) in C major
Here is an Authentic cadence (perfect cadence ) in C major :
C major scale video
The C major scale video:
C major on the circle of fifths
You can find C major on the circle of fifths and its key signature, relative minor key and closely related keys :
Famous works C major
Here are some works by famous composers composed in C major:
Symphony No. 41 (Jupiter) by Mozart
Here is an excerpt from the Trio of the Menuetto of Symphony No. 41 in C major KV. 551 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756 - 1791). This symphony is nicknamed Jupiter.
Notice also the authentic cadence (perfect cadence ) V -> I at the end of this extract.
Le Bolero's Ravel
Le Boléro by Maurice Ravel (1875 - 1937) almost exclusively uses the of C major key, there is an abrupt modulation in E major only at the very end of the work.
The ostinato rhythm played by one or more snare drums players remains constant throughout the all piece.
test your knowledge
How much flats in C flat major?
What is the relative minor of C major?
- F minor
- G minor
- C minor
- A minor
What is the dominant note in C major?
What are the major chords of C major?
- degrees I II and III
- degrees IV V and VI
- degrees I IV and V
What are the minor chords of C major?
- degrees I II and III
- degrees II III and VI
- degrees I V and V