F Major scale

the F major scale has just a single flat (1 ♭) and according to the flats order it is the B flat (B♭).
The names of the notes in the F major scale are: F G A B♭ C D E

F major scale

Like all other major scales, F major scale is composed by this sequence of whole steps and half steps united states of america (tones and semitones united kingdom):

united states of america:1 Whole step / 1 Whole step / 1 half step / 1 Whole step / 1 Whole step / 1 Whole step / 1 half step

united kingdom: 1 Tone / 1 Tone / 1 semitone / 1 Tone / 1 Tone / 1 Tone / 1 semitone

whole steps and half steps in F major scale

Key signature of F major scale

The key signature of F Major has only one flat (1♭).

key signature 1 flat

F Major scale in most common clefs


Here is F major scale in most common clefs: treble clef, bass clef, tenor clef and alto clef.

F Major scale in treble clef (G-clef)

Below is the F major scale in treble clef:

F Major scale in treble clef (G-clef)

F Major scale in bass clef

Below is the F major scale in bass clef:

F Major scale in bass clef

F Major scale in alto clef

Below is the F major scale in alto clef:

F Major scale in alto clef

F Major scale in tenor clef

Below is the F major scale in tenor clef:

F Major scale in tenor clef

Scale degrees of F major

The degrees of F major scale are:

F : degree I (Tonic)
G : degree II (Supertonic)
A : degree III (Mediant)
B♭ : degree IV (Subdominant)
C : degree V (Dominant)
D : degree VI (Submediant)
E : degree VII (Leading Tone)

Closely related keys of F Major

Closely related keys of F Major are:

- C Major
- B flat Major
- G minor
- D minor
- A minor

Relative minor key of F Major

The relative minor key of F Major is D minor and below if the D minor natural scale:

D natural minor scale

Parallel Key of F Major

Parallel Key of F Major (or homonymous key) is F minor scale, here is the F harmonic minor scale :

F harmonic minor scale

Leading Tone of F Major

The leading Tone of F Major is E, because E is the degree VII and is distant to a seventh major of the tonic, or an half step united states of america (semitone united kingdom) lower than the tonic).

Chords of F major scale

Here are triad chords for F Major scale:


Chord I : F Major (Notes: F A C)
Chord II : G minor (Notes: G B♭ D)
Chord III : A minor (Notes: A C E)
Chord IV : B♭ Major (Notes: B♭ D F)
Chord V : C Major (Notes: C E G)
Chord VI : D minor (Notes: D F A)
Chord VII : E diminished (Notes: E G B♭)

F major scale on a piano

Below is the F major scale on a piano:

F major scale on a piano

You will notice that only the white piano keys are used. Music notes must be played successively from left to right to obtain the ascending scale, or from right to left for the descending scale.

F major triad chord

The F major triad chord as a root note (F), a major third (F / A) and a perfect fifth (F / C):

F major perfect chord triad

And below is the F major triad chord on a piano keyboard:

F major triad chord on a piano

Authentic cadence (perfect cadence) in F major

Here is an Authentic cadence united states of america (perfect cadence united kingdom) in F major :

Authentic cadence (perfect cadence) in F major

F major scale video

Here is the F major scale video:

F major on the circle of fifths

You can find F major on the circle of fifths and its key signature, relative minor key and closely related keys :
circle of fifths

Famous works F major

Here are some works by famous composers composed in F major:

Autumn, The Four seasons by Vivaldi

The Four Seasons composed by Vivaldi has several movements, including the movement Autumn in F major. Here is an excerpt from the beginning of this movement:

The Four Seasons (Autumn) by Vivaldi

Notice the two half-cadences united states of america (Imperfect cadences united kingdom) V, and the authentic cadence united states of america (perfect cadence united kingdom) V I at the end of this extract.

The four seasons by Vivaldi is a concerto for solo violin, accompanied by an instrumental ensemble composed of violins, violas, cellos and a basso continuo (harpsichord).

Symphony No. 6, Beethoven

The key of F major is used by Beethoven in his symphony n°6 also known as the Pastoral Symphony:

Symphony No. 6 in F major, Op. 68 (the Pastoral Symphony) by Ludwig van Beethoven

In this extract from the first movement arranged for piano by the famous pianist and composer Franz Liszt, you will also notice the half-cadence united states of america (Imperfect cadence united kingdom) V which happen very early in this beginning of this symphony, this immediately gives an atmosphere of lightness, as if time was suspended.

test your knowledge

How much flats in F major?

Not enough for me none 1♭ 2♭

What is the relative minor of F major?

A minor B minor C minor D minor

What is the dominant note in F major?

A B C D E F G

What are the major chords of F major?

degrees I II and III degrees IV V and VI degrees I IV and V

What are the minor chords of F major?

degrees I II and III degrees II III and VI degrees I V and V
F major key signature

F major key signature

What is the key signature of F major? How many flats are in the key of F major key? Here is the answer:

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